Wallpaper started out as paper with a visual design printed upon and glued onto the wall. It has been around for hundreds of years. And during that time wallpaper went in and out of fashion. Today, there are countless of options in wallpaper. While actual paper can still be used, today there are also a lot of synthetic materials used as a base which are sadly not as renewable as paper (or even recycled paper).
Also, the prints have improved and can be different: they can be flat and smooth or have a texture.
It is difficult to talk about the environmental effects of wallpaper: they can be made out of different materials that are either toxic, non toxic or might be made of recycled materials. The glue used can be harmful or non toxic too.
So, what are the general pros and cons of wallpaper?
Advantages of using wallpaper:
Wallpaper lasts a long time
Wallpaper can have many different colours and patterns
Wallpaper can be made out of renewable or recycled materials
Disadvantages of using wallpaper:
If a texture that is felt with touch it can be difficult to clean
Wallpaper can be made, printed or glued on with toxic and environmentally damaging materials
In rooms with excessive moisture such as bathrooms or kitchens wallpaper can peel off the wall
It is difficult to repair broken elements
Wallpaper is time consuming to remove for replacement